Melasma is a common skin problem. The condition causes dark, discolored patches on your skin.
Brownish colored patches usually appear on the:
- bridge of the nose
The condition is much more common in women than men, though men can get it too. 90 percent of people who develop melasma are women.
It isn’t totally clear what causes melasma. Darker-skinned individuals are more at risk than those with fair skin. Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity are also associated with the condition. This means birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormone therapy can all trigger melasma. Stress and thyroid disease are also thought to be causes of melasma.
Additionally, sun exposure can cause melasma because ultraviolet rays affect the cells that control pigment (melanocytes).
In C&S clinic we get a lot of patients suffering from melasma. We follow a unique combined approach towards treating melasma which includes:-
- PRP therapy
- Chemical peel
What is (Platelet Rich Plasma)PRP
- Our blood is comprised of red blood cells and serum.
- The PRP is derived from the serum portion of the blood, which contains platelets.
- Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is a concentrate of platelet-rich plasma protein derived from the whole blood after it has been processed by spinning in a centrifuge to remove the red cells.
- The PRP has a greater concentration of growth factors than the whole blood.
- This PRP containing high levels of growth factors, when injected into the skin, will inhibit melanin synthesis which is responsible for pigmentation
- Thus when its repeated in a gap of 15 days it reduces the melasma significantly.
We have formulated a unique chemical peel which rejuvenates the skin and reduces pigmentation including melasma, there is a downtime of 3-4 days where there will be peeling of skin, but the underlying fresh skin which comes is free of pigmentation, it also helps in reducing age spots, open pores, fine lines and wrinkles.
- Mesotherapy is a procedure useful in improving melasma, by increasing the transdermal delivery of therapeutic agents which would otherwise be difficult to transport through normal skin.
- Mesotherapy is a minimally invasive procedure where drugs or other therapeutic compounds are injected directly into lesional skin.
- With small amounts of the drug directly injected into the dermis, there is very little chance of systemic absorption and therefore systemic side effects.
- Mesotherapy with tranexamic acid has shown good promise in improving melasma and is able to produce relatively fast results without significant side effects.